Title and Authors
Abstract and Keywords
Conclusion and Discussion
Font and Line Space
Check Font: Times New Roman, 11pt or 10.5pt
Check Line: double space (except for References)
No indent for the first sentence of a new paragraph.
(1) Background - (2) Results - (3) Conclusions
Replace with the key words we want to be searched. If number of key words is limited, we may not repeat with title only if this keyword is very important.
Check the writing of specific terms in the whole paper:
noncoding, cross-validation, P-value, V.S. (need to be capitalized), HCC/liver cancer
Check if the Abreviations are consistent in the whole paper. Check if full name is used when it is mentioned first time. Occasionally, we may use full time several times in the beginning of Introduction, Methods and Suppl. Info., because they are separated documents when published.)
Grammarly (app.grammarly.com) is very helpful. It has web version, desktop (MAC/Windows) version and chrome/firefox/safari plugin.
Check plural or single.
Check if Past tense is used when we describe results (e.g., "We sequenced 50 samples ...").
Check if Present tense is used when we make a claim or conclusion (e.g., usually in the last sentence of a paragraph, "This result suggests that …" ).
Figure and Figure Legend
Figure and Figure legend sometimes are more IMPORTANT than main text, because many senior readers read figures first.
Check if Figure Legends contain sufficiently detailed descriptions. (We got this suggestion from a previous reviewer who rejected our paper.)
Check if the colors are easy to see. (We got this suggestion from a previous reviewer who rejected our paper.)
Check first and last sentence in the whole paper. To make it easy to read, in every paragraph, first and last sentences are important. Usually, first sentence introduces and summarizes the whole paragraph; last sentence concludes the whole paragraph (e.g. "This result suggests that ...").
Check voice: 1. In Results, we prefer active voice, such as "We analyzed the data …", not "The data were analyzed …". 2. In Methods, we may use passive voice sometimes , such as " The difference was tested by a paired t test.".
Check sentence patterns (Useful Sentence Patterns):
performed RT-qPCR (RNA-seq …) for … → XX was validated (seqenced ...) by RT-qPCR.
built a Random Forest model … → We used/developped a Random Forest model to …
We assayed/analyzed … datasets.
We curated/collected … datasets from … OR 100 datasets were curated/collected from ...
XX was significantly enriched in the noncoding sequences (t test P-valeue: 0.002).
The enrichment is/was calcuated with RNApromo (ref.). The P-value cutoff is/was 0.001; the xx is/was 0.5; the xx is/was 0.8. (depends on if you are talking to the audience about a plot or describe a result you have done.)
Check every result to see if it needs statistical test: Was a test used? Which one? What is the P-value?
Check every enrichment to see if it was statistically determined to be enriched: What test was used? Which one? What is the P-value?
Introduction：Why was the picture taken?
Results：What do you see?
Conclusion and Discussion：What does it mean?
Methods：How was it taken？
阅读投稿期刊的『Instructions for authors』，了解期刊期望的行文风格。
不使用『etc』、『and so on』，这些词说明作者懒。
『observed』很弱很被动，改用：assess, calculate, detect, estimate, evalulate, examine...